Category Archives: Social Issues

On Recent Political Events in the US

habib-umar-bin-hafiz-surabaya-2014

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

How should we react to recent political events in the US?

You should not be concerned whether one president comes or one goes. Your Lord is Allah and your intermediary is His Messenger ﷺ. Everyone is in His dominion. None of the events which take place on the earth should shake our belief in the information we have received from the heavens. The Prophet ﷺ  said: “Be certain that victory comes with perseverance, relief comes after affliction and ease comes after hardship.” You should not be worried and you should not fall short in fulfilling your religious obligations. There is no doubt that Islam will spread to the different corners of the earth.

Advice on Reconciliation

habib-umar-bin-hafiz-surabaya-2014

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

What advice do you have for someone involved in reconciling between conflicting parties?

This is a great thing and there is a great reward in it. Someone engaged in this should humbly plead with Allah for success and then he should surrender the affair to Allah. He should take people’s personalities and understandings into consideration so that what he says will be accepted by them.

On Voting in Elections

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

Should we vote in elections such as the upcoming US presidential election?

You have the choice to take part or not to take part. Both are acceptable. If you believe that voting for a particular candidate will most likely protect people in general and Muslims specifically from evil and be a source of good then you can do so. If you are unsure as to what is the best choice to make then there is no harm in not voting, except in a rare situation in which scholars and intellectuals, based on their assessment of current affairs, are in agreement that if Muslims do not vote then this will have a serious negative consequences. In this situation it would be an obligation to vote to prevent harm taking place.

 

 Is it permissible to vote for a female candidate considering the statement of the Prophet ﷺ that: “A people who put a woman in charge of their affairs will never succeed”?

The same principle applies: if it most likely that by electing a woman president good will be attained and evil will be avoided then it is permissible to vote for her. If this is not the case, it is better to avoid doing so.

Is it Permissible for a Male Teacher to Teach a Woman the Qur’an?

habib-umar-bin-hafiz-surabaya-2014

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

Is it permissible for a male teacher to teach a woman the Qur’an?

This is permissible if the male teacher teaches from behind a veil and as long as the two are not alone together. It has been narrated that: “A man must never be alone with a woman even if he is teaching her the Qur’an and even if she is Maryam bint `Imran.” The Companions would take knowledge from the wives of the Prophet, the Mothers of the Believers from behind a veil.

On the Best Month in Which to Get Married

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

What is the best month in which to get married?

The best month in which to contract the marriage is Shawwal, because it was in this month that the Prophet ﷺ married Sayyidatuna `Aishah. He later consummated the marriage in the same month. The next best month is Safar, in which Sayyidatuna Fatimah married Sayyiduna `Ali.

On Involvement in Protests

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

Should those involved in dawah take part in protests which condemn things like police brutality or the oppression of the Palestinian people?

Oppression must be condemned whatever form it takes as long as this does not lead to greater oppression or some other kind of evil. Ordinary people are free to get involved in such protests if they wish, but the role of those involved in dawah is to clarify the Islamic position on such matters. They should not be directly involved in protests because this may have political and social implications and may lead them to neglect aspects of their dawah.

On Dealing With Parents Arguing

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

My parents are constantly arguing. What should I do?

You should not enter into the argument and you should not take sides but rather you should respect both your parents and treat them well. If you see that one of them has made a mistake and you are able to give them sincere advice then you do so with complete etiquette.

Long Days and Children Fasting

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

The days are very long in some places making fasting very difficult for children close to the age of puberty. What should they do?

They should not be burdened with more than they can bear. They should be encouraged to fast half the day or most of the day. Although their fast will not be legally valid, they will become accustomed to fasting and their hearts will become attached to it so that when they are older it is easier for them.

 

How can we make our children love Ramadan?

We do this by mentioning the mercy, bounty and kindness that Allah shows in Ramadan.

 

On Difficulties for Muslim Women in France

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

The situation is very difficult for Muslim women in France. The hijab is banned in schools and in the workplace and attacks on Muslim women are on the increase. There is widespread Islamophobia in the media and in politics. How should we react to these attacks and how should we protect our religion and not allow hatred to enter our hearts?

The real essence of the believers becomes manifest in times of hardship. Women should retain their modesty as far as possible[1] and remain firm, show good character and patiently bear the hardships they are exposed to and the end result will belong to the people of taqwa. Allah mentions in the Qur’an the types of people who have hatred for Islam in every generation: You are those who love them, but they love you not… when they are alone, they bite off the very tips of their fingers in rage… if any good befalls you, it grieves them, and if any evil befalls you, they rejoice at it. Allah did not then say: “You should hate them, treat them harshly, plot against them or be happy if evil afflicts them.” Rather Allah said: If you have patience (sabr) and taqwa then their scheming will not harm you.[2] Our brothers and sisters should embody this Qur’anic character: we should wish goodness and guidance for them in spite of their harming and insulting us. Allah mentioned that the Messengers said to their peoples: We shall patiently bear the harm that you have inflicted upon us, for those who put their trust should put their trust in Allah.[3]

 

[1] Habib Umar mentioned that they may leave the niqab or face covering, since the scholars differ over whether it is compulsory. They may not, however, leave the hijab which covers the hair and they should avoid beautifying themselves and using perfume.

[2] Al `Imran, 3:119-20

[3] Ibrahim, 14:12