Imam Hasan, son of Imam al-Haddad, and the Effect of Hajj

Imam Hasan, the son of Imam Abdullah bin Alawi al-Haddad was a seeker, a person of piety and a scholar who acted according to his knowledge. Imam al-Haddad, however, was waiting for him to reach higher levels. He said: “When that son of mine performs hajj something will be ingrained in him which was not in him before.”

So he went to perform hajj and implemented all the sunnahs, exerted great caution and effort until the hajj had its effect upon him. Then he returned to Hadramawt and became a paragon of renunciation of worldly things (zuhd).

They told him that part of his house was falling and it needed to be repaired (houses in Hadramawt are built from mud bricks and require regular repair) but he replied that he did not need that part of the house and life was short.

He focused on teaching and preparing for the next life until one half of the house caved in. He said: “The other half of the house is sufficient.”  He carried on in this way until only one room of the house was left standing. When people criticised him, he replied with a verse of poetry:

يقولون بيتك بيت صغير كأن نسجته لك العنكبوت

فقلت المقام قليل به وهذا كثير على من يموت

They say your house is so small it could have been woven by a spider!

I say to them I will not live long in it and it is plenty big enough for someone who is sure to die

This is the exact opposite of what hajj does to some people. They go to hajj and they have some humility but they return with more desire and concern for worldly things. This would be a sign that their hajj has not been accepted and we seek Allah’s refuge from that.

The whole purpose of hajj is to draw us closer to Allah, the King, the Living and that we see things as they truly are.

Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

The Best Prayer is the Prayer of Arafah

The Prophet ﷺ said: “The best prayer is the prayer of the Day of Arafah. The best thing which I and the Prophets before me have said is:

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيُي و يُمِيت وَ هُوَ حَيٌّ لا يَموتُ  بِيَدِهِ الخَيْرُ و هَو عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَدِيرٍ

La ilaha ill’Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahu’l-mulku wa lahu’l-hamdu yuhi wa yumit wa huwa hayyun la yamut bi yadihi’-khayr wa `ala kulli shayin qadir

“There is no deity save Allah alone. He has no partners. To Him belongs the dominion and all praise. He brings life and brings death and He is the Living Who never dies. To Him belongs all good. He has power over all things.”

The Prophet called it a prayer (dua) but where is the request? What is the person actually asking for when he says it?

The reality is all requests are contained in it if you are connected to its meaning and realise its implications.

If you say it with realisation, your Lord gazes upon you and all requests made to Him by anyone in the past and the future are insignificant compared to what He then gives you.

The believers should repeat it on the Day of Arafah whether they are performing hajj or not.

Saying it removes darkness from you until you become pure light. It removes the darkness of witnessing created things by affirming to Whom truly belongs the dominion and the power to give life and death.

Can you then have hope in other than Him, fear other than Him or rely on other than Him? No!

May Allah enable us to realise these realities.

May He bless us on the Day of Arafat such that the forces of disbelief, misguidance, corruption and deviance are stopped in their tracks. May the banners of Muhammad be unfurled in every place so that the promised time soon comes in which la ilaha ill’Allah enters every single house.

Qurbani / Udhiyah in Yemen

WhatsApp Image 2018-07-25 at 11.54.06

The Messenger of Allah informed us that there is no action more beloved to Allah on the Day of Eid than making a sacrifice. He told his beloved daughter Sayyidah Fatimah al-Zahra’ that she would be forgiven for her previous wrongdoings with the first drop of blood to be shed from the sacrificed animal. She asked if this reward was specifically for the Household of the Prophet and he replied: “For us and for all Muslims.”

Rafah Foundation is performing qurbani/udhiyah in Tarim. The meat will be distributed to poor people in Tarim and the surrounding area and refugees who have fled their homes in other parts of Yemen due to conflict.

Rafah Foundation supports teachers, students and educational institutions and those in need and is currently providing aid to those suffering the effects of war in Yemen.

 

Cost of a sheep: $108 US = £83 GB

Cost of a goat:  $118 US = £91 GB

 

You can make an online payment using PayPal here:

http://alrafh.org/en/product/qurban1439/

 Or you can transfer directly to our UK bank account and then email us at info-eng@alrafh.org to confirm

 

Rafah International

Barclays Bank

Account no 43578275

Sort Code 202608

 

 

By contributing you are authorising the project administrators to buy the animal, slaughter, make the intention for doing so and distribute the meat on your behalf.

 

 

May Allah accept all our good deeds at this blessed time.

 

Seeking Allah’s Forgiveness After Hajj

hb-after-hajj

 

One of the first things Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him) did when he returned to Tarim after performing hajj was to seek Allah’s forgiveness. The Prophet said ﷺ : “O Allah, forgive the one who has made hajj and the one for whom he seeks forgiveness.” This is the prayer he made:

O Allah, as Your Prophet ﷺ taught us, we seek Your forgiveness for ourselves and those present and our families and our children and those in our homes and our neighbours and our companions and our students and all Muslims and believers male and female.

We ask You, by the secret of Your Beloved’s seeking forgiveness and his request that You forgive the person who performs hajj and whoever he seeks forgiveness for.. we ask You by what You said in Your Book: If only when they wronged themselves they came to you and sought Allah’s forgiveness and the Messenger sought forgiveness for them they would have found Allah Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.. we ask You for complete and all-encompassing forgiveness which leaves behind no wrongdoings or acts of disobedience. Replace all our bad deeds with good deeds and fulfil the rights that are due to others on our behalf.

O Allah, bless those who have performed hajj and visited Your Prophet ﷺ with complete acceptance and allow Your Prophet to intercede for us. Allow us to receive the gifts and secrets that were bestowed upon those who made tawaf and stood at Arafat and performed hajj and umrah. May this be a cause for us to increase in determination to honour our covenant with You so that we attain Your true love and remain firm upon the path which is pleasing to You in our words, deeds, intentions and all our states.

We ask that through Your acceptance of those that have performed hajj You relieve the sufferings of the Muslims and unite the Muslims. We ask for Your complete enabling grace and to be in the best company in the next life. We recite the Fatihah and donate the reward to the Chosen One and his Household and Companions and those that he loves and all of Allah’s pious slaves.

What is Meant by Hajj Mabrur?

Hb Ali Jifri 1

 

Habib Ali al-Jifri (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him) asks: what is meant by the term ‘hajj mabrur’?

All praise is for Allah.

Our Master Muhammad ﷺ said: “The performance of `umrah is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous `umrah; and the reward of hajj mabrur is nothing less than Paradise.”[1]

The Mother of the Believers, Sayyidatuna Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “O Messenger of Allah, us women consider jihad to be the best of actions. Should we not perform jihad?”

He replied: “No. Rather, the best form of jihad is hajj mabrur.”[2]

What is meant by the term hajj mabrur which is the best form of jihad and the reward for which is Paradise?

A variety of answers have been given in response to this question.

In one hadith the Prophet ﷺ said that hajj mabrur is: “Giving food and spreading peace.”

Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) said it is: “`Ajj and thajj,” meaning raising one’s voice saying ‘labbayk’ and slaughtering the sacrificial animals in order to feed the pilgrims.

Another opinion is that in it the pilgrim does not detract from his hajj by committing any sins.

Other opinions are that it is an accepted hajj or one in which there is no ostentation or reputation-seeking or one in which the person performing it abides by all the rulings.

There is no doubt that all of these definitions are backed up by scriptural evidence and have a linguistic basis. Therefore it is possible to summarise the meaning of hajj mabrur in three points:

 

  1. Sincerity

The bare minimum level of sincerity needed in order for your hajj to be mabrur is that you seek Allah’s pleasure alone in performing it. There must be no ostentation or reputation-seeking in it.

In this regard the Prophet ﷺ said: “Actions are only by intentions. Each person shall only have what he intends.”[3]

You can elevate your intention by intending sincere repentance such that your spiritual state becomes higher after hajj. Up until very recently, people considered hajj to be a means of being elevated from one spiritual state to a higher spiritual state. After hajj you should no longer be neglectful of your obligations nor persistently commit minor sins or any major sins.

The highest level of sincerity during hajj is that nothing other than Allah enters your heart. This is a precious gift and a lofty station which is not easily attained. However, gifts such as these constantly flow forth from the treasure troves of Allah’s bounty. He is the Most Generous and He does not turn away those who place their hopes in Him.

 

  1. Wholesome Provision

The pilgrim should not fund his hajj with money that is not pleasing to Allah. This includes money spent on food, clothing, transport and other expenses incurred during the hajj as well as the maintenance of dependents left behind such as his wife and children.

The bare minimum in order for your hajj to be mabrur is that your money should not be from an unlawful source such as theft, bribery, fraud, usury or that is wrongly taken from others.

In a hadith it is mentioned: “If a man leaves for hajj with money which is pure, places his foot on the stirrup [of his riding animal], and says ‘labbayk Allahumma labbayk’ [4], a caller from the heavens will call out: ‘labbayk wa sa`dayk.‘[5] Your provision is lawful, your riding animal is lawful and your hajj is mabrur with no sin.’ But if a man leaves his home with filthy provision, places his foot on the stirrup and says ‘labbayk Allahumma labbayk’ a caller from the heavens will call out: ‘la labbayk wa la sa`dayk.’ [6] Your provision is unlawful, your spending is unlawful and your hajj is not mabrur.’”[7]

If you perform hajj with money which is filthy

Then you have not performed hajj – only your camels have

Beyond this, the pilgrim may reach a high level of scrupulousness such that he stays away from any doubtful sources of wealth and chooses only the best and purest of his wealth with which to perform hajj.

 

  1. Excellent Performance

The pilgrim should perform the rites according to the rulings of the Sacred Law whilst safeguarding his heart and limbs from everything that is not pleasing to Allah. He should busy himself with remembering Allah and not fall into argumentation or foul speech.

The bare minimum in order for the hajj to be mabrur is to perform the integrals and obligatory elements of the hajj as well as to abstain from the things that invalidate it and the things that are prohibited during it. Along with this, the pilgrim should do his utmost to say ‘labbayk’ and generally remember Allah in abundance, to feed people and interact with them in the best way.

The pilgrim can then seek to perfect his hajj by avidly performing its recommended acts, following the example of the one who said ﷺ: “Learn your rites from me directly.”[8] He should abstain from disliked things and perform the rites with the utmost attention to detail. He should not waste his time in superfluous permissible speech but rather should be preoccupied with remembrance of Allah, recitation of the Qur’an, supplication, pleading with Allah and reflection. His heart should be in a constant state of humility which is then reflected in his appearance and his interaction with others.

It is in this way that the hajj will be mabrur and the reward will be Paradise. The bounty of Allah is vast and unlimited and He is the Most Generous.

O Allah, protect the pilgrims who are coming to Your House and accept their rites for indeed they have come by Your bounty to receive Your bounty. Bless the good amongst them and by their virtue accept those who fall short. Return them to their homelands safely. Give us a great portion of what You pour into their hearts. Do not deprive us of the opportunity of performing hajj and visiting your Prophet, the Beloved, the Chosen One ﷺ.

——————————

Translator’s note: based on the above, the term hajj mabrur could be translated as ‘a complete and accepted hajj.’

 

[1] Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim

[2] Narrated by al-Bukhari

[3] Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim

[4] ‘Here I am, O Allah, here I am.’

[5] ‘Here I am, at your service.’

[6] ‘I am not here and not at your service.’

[7] Narrated by al-Tabarani

[8] Narrated by Muslim, Ahmad and al-Nasa’i

 

What Should be Read on the Last Night of the Year?

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

What should be read on the last night of the year?

You should read the duas of the pious mentioned in the book ‘Kanz al-Najah wa’l-Surur,’ you should seek forgiveness from Allah (istighfar) and bestow prayers upon the Prophet ﷺ in abundance.

Habib Ali al-Habashi composed a special prayer to be read at the end of the year. You can download the prayer with translation here.

 

An End of Year – New Year Message

Sayyidi Habib `Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him) calls us to reflect on the passing of time and the arrival of a new year. Extracts from a talk delivered in Jalsat al-Ithnayn, Jami` Tarim, the night of 25th Dhu’l-Hijjah 1429.

We bid farewell to another year of the Hijrah of the Messenger of Allah , a year which contains a number of days and nights which are what makes up your lifespan. If a day passes then a part of you has passed. You are but a body and spirit existent in a limited time period. When that period comes to an end you come to an end. It is only those of sound intellect who realize the true value of these days and nights that pass. They know that it is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each other: for the one who wishes to reflect or to show gratitude.Whatever anyone has achieved in these days and nights that has not increased them in reflection and gratitude has missed the purpose and fundamental wisdom for which these days and nights were created and for which mankind was created.

We witness the passing of time and the alternation of seasons and changes and events. Things which are agreeable to us; things which are unpleasant – all of which test us. We witness the passing away of those who live alongside us, some of it expected, some of it unexpected. All of this is by the decree of the All-Powerful Sovereign.

Likewise we welcome a new year. Every individual must look at their level of reflection and gratitude so they may obtain their provision from these days and nights. One of the meanings of reflection is removing the veils from the spirit to allow it to remember the original covenant which it took with its Lord and clearing away the dust to enable it to extend its gaze to its eventual destination. As for gratitude, everything which is of any benefit to creation comes into its sphere. The Master of Creation said: “Should I not be a grateful slave?” He is the most grateful of creation to the Creator, and through his gratitude we show gratitude to the Creator. May Allah connect us to him in this life and the next.

It is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each other: for the one who wishes to reflect or to show gratitude.

What are the signs and the attributes of the people of reflection and gratitude? Read the eleven attributes that follow this verse, beginning with:

The slaves of the Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say, “Peace!” (They are) those who spend the night in worship of their Lord prostrate and standing..2

Reflect upon these attributes and ask yourself what portion you have of them. Do not be content merely to pass over them superficially. Delve into them deeply, hold firm to them and embody their meanings. Each of these attributes has a residing place in your inner being. If each attribute finds its place you will, in your inner being, be one of the slaves of the Most Gracious and every day and night you will increase in reflection and gratitude, and He will prepare you for an indescribable reward. “I have prepared for My righteous slaves that which no eye has seen, no ear has heard, and what no man can imagine.”

The majority of the people of Islam and Iman have made no preparation for the vision of the face of the Best of Mankind, accompanying him on the day of Crowding and then in Dar al-Salam, the Abode of Peace. Does this warrant you giving anything less than your all? How much have you put towards this: of your thoughts, your actions, the attributes of your heart, of the hours of your day and night?

After the death of the Messenger of Allah , Sayyiduna Abu Bakr al-Siddiq would spend his nights crying out of his longing for him. Do we allow the ups and downs of this fleeting life and the desires of our enemies to tear these feelings away from us?

Will you exchange that which is better for that which is worse?3

All you who believe, accompanying him is greater than anything we can imagine. There is no gift more exquisite with which the Lord of the Throne may bless than his companionship and the vision of his face and addressing the possessor of that face. He is a man like no other, the Beloved of the Creator.

If these feelings were alive in the hearts of the Ummah, all causes of evil inward and outward would be removed and the Ummah would be safe from every tribulation. The level of tribulation in which we find ourselves is according to our deficiency in our love for Allah and His Chosen One .

At the end of this year may Allah grant us the ability to please His Beloved through seeking to improve our states and our transactions and what takes places in our houses and what is in our hearts. Nothing should be more beloved to us than Allah and nothing in creation, not even Paradise, should be more beloved to us than Muhammad. No created thing can take precedence over Muhammad, because Allah Himself gave him precedence over all of creation.

For this reason the Companion Rabi`ah ibn Ka`b could think of nothing better to ask from the Messenger of Allah than his companionship in Paradise. The response of the Messenger of Allah was to order him to make abundant prostration. The closest a slave is to Allah is when he is in prostration. If you desire to be close to the one who is closest to Allah, make abundant prostration. One of the meanings of this prostration is to rid our houses of anything which contravenes his Sunnah . Let this Hijri year finish and with it any contravention of the Sunnah. This is prostration. You want to accompany him but you do not want to live in accordance with his teaching?

Let this year finish and you are in a state of preparation to meet the best of Allah’s slaves .

 

Al-Furqan, 25:62

2 Al-Furqan, 25:63-74

3 Al-Baqarah, 2:61

 

Bidding Farewell to this Year and Welcoming a New Year

We are fast approaching the end of this Hijri year. There remain a few days of the blessed month of Dhu’l-Hijjah for us to benefit from. We should try to round off the year with acts which draw us closer to Allah, as “actions are judged by their endings.”1

At the end of the financial year businessmen analyse their year’s trading, but our trade is with Allah and is more worthy of being evaluated. We thank Allah for the gifts with which we have been blessed and we seek His forgiveness for our wrongdoings and shortcomings. We also make our new year’s resolutions for the coming year – what we intend to achieve on our journey to Allah, and the traits which we wish to leave behind. We should bear in mind that both Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram, the first month of the new year, are from the four inviolable months so the reward of our actions is multiplied. Our bad deeds are also more grave in these times.

At this time those who have made hajj are returning to their families and communities like newborn babies with a strong resolve to preserve the purity that they have attained in those blessed places. The Messenger of Allah taught us to benefit from those who have returned from hajj by asking them to pray for us and to seek forgiveness for us.

He said “O Allah forgive the one who has made hajj and the one for whom he seeks forgiveness.”2

This forgiveness lasts through Dhu’l-Hijjah, Muharram, Safar and for the first ten days of Rabi` al-Awwal. Sayyiduna `Abdullah bin `Abbas said that if those who did not make hajj knew the right of those who had made hajj over them, they would go out to meet them up on their return and kiss their feet. This is because they have travelled to Allah as representatives of the whole Ummah.

We should open the new year with good works. Among the best of these works is fasting. The Messenger of Allah said:

“The best (month) to fast after Ramadan is the Month of Allah which you call al-Muharram. The best prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer.”3

The Messenger of Allah called Muharram “the Month of Allah” which points to its nobility, just like the Ka`bah is “the House of Allah.” One of the wisdoms behind the merit of fasting in the month of Muharram is that both are attributed to Allah – Muharram is the “the Month of Allah” and fasting, as in the hadith qudsi, “is Mine, and I will reward accordingly.”4

The greatest day in Muharram to fast is of course the tenth, `Ashura.’ Fasting on this day wipes out the sins of the previous year. Read more about it here.

Sayyidi Habib `Umar bin Hafiz welcomes in the new year by taking his students to visit the Prophet Hud (peace be upon him). This was the way of his father and some of his forefathers. Thus the first few days of the year are spent in a blessed place away from distraction with the focus purely on Allah. The days are filled with acts of worship and gatherings of knowledge and remembrance.

We ask Allah to bring great good to the Ummah in this new year, rectify its affairs and bring relief to those who are suffering. Peace and blessings be upon the one whose Hijrah marks the beginning of our calendar, our Master Muhammad and his blessed family and Companions and all those that follow him until the last day.

Habib Ali al-Habashi composed a special prayer to be read at the end of the year. You can download the prayer with translation here.

  1. Narrated by al-Bukhari
  2. Narrated by al-Bayhaqi and al-Tabarani
  3. Narrated by Muslim
  4. Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim

Photo credit: Photo by Federico Respini on Unsplash

The Night of Eid and Sunnahs of Eid al-Adha

Takbir

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ taught us to fill these blessed days and nights with the remembrance of Allah generally and specifically with the takbir in which we express Allah’s greatness and transcendence.  He said ﷺ: “Beautify your Eid days with the takbir.”[1] It is recommended to make the takbir after every prayer (fard or nafl) from Fajr on the Day of `Arafah (9th Dhu’l-Hijjah) until `Asr on the 13th, the final day of the three Days of Tashriq.

We should also fill the night before Eid with takbir from Maghrib up until the Eid prayer. On the night of Eid only, the takbir is not limited to being read after the prayer, but rather it should be read in abundance in our houses and mosques and in the streets (without causing disturbance). We should read it with our hearts filled with the greatness of Allah so that we are not merely repeating words without experiencing their meaning.

 

Giving Life to the Night of Eid

It is a sunnah to give life to the night before Eid, meaning spending whatever time we are able in worship and remembrance such that the night comes alive. The least we should do is to pray Maghrib, Isha and Fajr in congregation. The mosques of Tarim fill in the the second half of the night with people reading the Qur’an in groups, praying and making takbir together at intervals. At the end of the night everyone comes together for a khatam and dua.

It has been narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “There are five nights on which du`a is not rejected: the first night of Rajab, the fifteenth night of Sha`ban, Thursday night, the night before Eid al-Fitr and the night before Eid al-Nahr (al-Adha).” Sayyiduna `Ali, may Allah be well pleased with him, used to spend four nights in worship: the first night of Rajab, the nights before the two Eids, and the 15th night of Sha`ban.

It is mentioned in the hadith that if someone gives life to the nights before the two Eids, Allah will give life to his heart on the day when hearts die.[2] What is primarily meant is safety on the Day of Judgement but even in this life the majority of people’s hearts are dead, starved of the remembrance of Allah and heedless of the return to Him. Remembering Allah on nights such as these, however, when most people are busy with other things, will give life and tranquillity to our hearts.

There are different forms of the takbir. Here is one of them:

اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبر، لا إله إلا الله، الله أكبر الله أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبر، لا إله إلا الله، الله أكبر الله أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبرُ اللهُ أَكبر، لا إله إلا الله، الله أكبر الله أكبر ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

الله أكبرُ كَبيرا والحمدُ لله كثيرا وسُبْحانَ اللهِ بُكْرَةً وأَصيلاَ

لا إله إلا الله لا نَعْبُدُ إلا إِيَّاهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الكافِرون

لا إله إلا الله  وَحْدَه صَدَقَ وَعْدَه ونَصَرَ عَبْدَه  وأَعَزَّ جُنْدَه وهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَه

لا إله إلا الله واللهُ أكبرْ ولِلَّهِ الحَمْد

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar la ilaha ill’Allah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd 

Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar la ilaha ill’Allah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd

 Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar la ilaha ill’Allah. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd

Allahu akbar kabira w’al-hamdulillahi kathira wa subhanallahi bukratan wa asila

 La ilaha ill’Allahu la na`budu illa iyyahu mukhlisina lahu’ddina wa law kariha’l-kafirun

La ilaha ill’Allahu wahdahu sadaqa wa`dahu wa nasara `abdahu wa a`zza jundahu wa hazam al-ahzaba wahdah

 La ilaha ill’Allahu w’Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd

 “Allah is most great. There is no deity save Him, all praise belongs to Him.

There is no deity save Him and we worship none but Him in complete sincerity even if the disbelievers dislike it.

There is no deity save Him alone. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His slave, made mighty His forces and He alone destroyed the Confederates. Allah is most great, there is no deity save Him, all praise belongs to Him.”

 

The scholars say that whenever it is recommended to remember Allah it is also recommended to mention His Messenger ﷺ. Had it not been for him there would be no `Arafat or Eid or takbir. For this reason we should add, in honour of our Messenger, his Companions, wives and progeny:

اللهُمَّ صلِّ على سَيِّدِنا محمد

وعلى آلِ سَيِّدِنا محمد

وعلى أَصْحابِ سَيِّدِنا محمد

وعلى أَنْصَارِ سَيِّدِنا محمد

وعلى أَزْواجِ سَيِّدِنا محمد

وعلى ذُرِّيِّةِ سَيِّدِنا محمد

وسلِّمْ تَسْليماً كثيراً

Allahumma salli `ala sayyidina Muhammad

Wa `ala ali sayyidina Muhammad

Wa `ala ashabi sayyidina Muhammad

Wa `ala ansari sayyidina Muhammad

Wa `ala azwaji sayyidina Muhammad

Wa `ala dhurriyati sayyidina Muhammad

Wa sallim tasliman kathiran

 

 

Sunnahs of Eid al-Adha

The root meaning of the word Eid is to return because it returns again and again, bringing with it Allah’s gifts and blessings. Allah commanded His Messenger ﷺ to show his gratitude to Him for the immense good that he was given (al-Kawthar) through prayer and slaughter: So pray to your Lord and slaughter.[3] The scholars say that this refers to the Eid Prayer and the sacrifice.

We should do what we are able to implement the other sunnahs of the Eid.

Among them are:

 

  • Taking a bath whether or not you are attending the Eid prayer
  • Wearing your best clothes and best perfume –  the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had special garments that he would only wear on Eid.
  • Not eating anything before the Eid prayer but rather eating after returning from the prayer. The first thing the Prophet used to eat was liver from the animal he had sacrificed.
  • Walking to the prayer, taking a longer route on the way there and returning by a different shorter route.
  • Shaking hands with your brethren, congratulating them on the Eid and asking that their actions be accepted by Allah.
  • Being especially generous to your family, displaying your happiness on the occasion and trying to visit your relatives and friends.

 

 


[1] Narrated by al-Tabarani

[2] Narrated by Ibn Majah

[3] Al-Kawthar, 118:2