The Hadrah Badriyyah

The Hadrah Badriyyah is composed by Sayyidi Habib Umar and read on the night of Badr and also every month in Dar al-Mustafa. Below is a recording of the Qasaid in the second half of the Hadrah. It includes poems by Shaykh Umar al-Mihdar, Imam al-Adani, Shaykh Abu Bakr bin Salim, Imam al-Haddad and Habib Abdullah bin Husayn bin Tahir.

 

Tafsir of Short Surahs: Al-Inshirah

A summary of Habib Umar’s commentary on Surat al-Inshirah, Ramadan 1436.

Allah says:

Have We not expanded your chest for you?

When We ordered Sayyiduna Musa to convey the message, he asked that his chest be expanded: My Lord expand my chest and make easy my affair. However, We gave it to you without you asking. We expanded your heart such that the light of prophethood could enter and you were thus able to convey the message to all the worlds.

Part of this expansion was the splitting of the Prophet’s chest. This took place four times – in his infancy when he was with Sayyidatuna Halimah, when he was ten years old, just before he was made a prophet and on the night of the Isra and Mi`raj.

We filled your heart with knowledge and wisdom.  We increased your tolerance so that you were able to overcome the difficulties of conveying the message. The Prophet said ﷺ: “I have been harmed for Allah’s sake more than anyone else and I have suffered fear for Allah’s sake more than anyone else.”

All good comes from this expansion. No one can accept Islam without it – Allah says that the one whose heart He has opened to Islam has received enlightenment from Him. No one can fulfil their duties fully without it. When the heart has been expanded it is easy for a person to leave that which is forbidden, disliked and excessive; it is easy for him to achieve a lot in a short time and his heart is able to contain knowledge which even the heavens and earth cannot bear.

The Prophet ﷺ said: “When light enters the heart the chest expands.”

They asked: “Is there a sign that this has taken place?”

He said: “Yes: distancing oneself from the Abode of Deception, longing to return to the Abode of Eternity and preparing oneself for death before it comes.”

No one’s chest was expanded in the same way as Muhammad. He was the only one able to go beyond the Lote Tree of the Utmost Boundary and the only one able to see his Lord. 

We removed from you your burden

Which weighed down your back

 One meaning of this burden is conveying the message to mankind and the jinn. Another is the wrongdoings of the Ummah, which the Prophet bears.

Allah is saying: We have blessed your Ummah with forgiveness in a way that no previous nation was blessed. We gave them numerous ways to wipe out their wrongdoings – such as wudu, the five prayers, the Friday Prayer and fasting Ramadan. It has been narrated that the angels are surprised to find people from the previous nations who are saved from the Fire whereas they are surprised to find people from this nation who are not saved.

We removed everything that troubled you and worried you. When the Prophet ﷺ cried out of concern for the wellbeing of his Ummah, Allah sent Jibril to say to him: “We will make you content concerning your Ummah and We will not allow it to be a source of sadness for you.”

We raised high the esteem in which you are held

Allah says: “Whenever I am mentioned, you are mentioned with Me.” On the Throne the Prophet’s name is with Allah’s name: la ilaha ill’Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah. On the gates of Paradise is written: la ilaha ill’Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah. In the call to prayer, the Prophet’s name is with Allah’s name. The one who enters Islam must say: la ilaha ill’Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah. If someone bestows one prayer upon the Prophet, Allah bestows ten upon that person. In the grave you will be asked who your Lord is and who your Prophet is.

His nation will be the first nation to be resurrected, the first to have their actions weighed and the first to enter Paradise. He will be the first to intercede and Adam and the other Prophets will be under his banner.

Another meaning is that from the time of Adam to this day, no one’s life has been recorded in such detail as the life of Muhammad – his words, his actions, his character and his appearance.

Truly With hardship comes ease

This statement is repeated twice. There is a subtlety in the Arabic language that suggests that there is only one hardship and it is repeated twice, whereas there are two types of ease and the second is different from the first. This is why the Prophet  ﷺ said: “One portion of hardship will not overcome two portions of ease.” It is Allah’s way to make ease follow hardship. For that reason the people of insight would be happy when tribulation descended because they knew that ease would follow. The greatness of the ease is according to the greatness of the tribulation.

The Prophet ﷺ said to Ibn `Abbas: “Victory comes with patience, relief comes with tribulation and ease comes with hardship.”

Recitation of Surat al-Inshirah is one of the means of seeking relief from Allah and a means of removing constriction.

When you are free, labour hard

When you complete your prayer supplicate, for this is when supplications are answered. When you finish your jihad, engage in worship. Whenever you complete an action, immediately embark on another. Do not waste any time. Sayyidah `Aishah said: “The Prophet would remember Allah in every state. He was always coming and going, always in reflection, constantly in a state of sadness.”

And turn to your Lord entirely

Seek Him alone with absolute sincerity and plead with Him. This is one of the etiquettes that Allah taught His Beloved.

May Allah expand our chests as He expanded the chest of our Master Muhammad.

O Allah, remove our burdens and raise our station in Your sight. Do not separate us from Your Beloved on the Day of Judgement. O Allah, remind him of us so that we are mentioned in Your presence!

Feeding Non-Muslims in Ramadan During the Day

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Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him).

Is it permissible to feed non-Muslims in Ramadan during the day?

Non-Muslims are not required to fast, so it is permissible to feed them during the day in Ramadan. It is our duty to invite them to Islam. Once they have entered Islam they are required to fast. We should not, however, give them food if they will then eat it in front of Muslims who are fasting. In a country in which the majority of people are Muslim, non-Muslims should not eat and drink openly, for this may encourage Muslims to do the same.

If this is not the case, it is permissible to feed them during the day but it is preferable to do so at night so that they are aware of the sanctity of Ramadan. There is a great reward in feeding non-Muslims and it is a means of calling them to Allah.

It would be a sin to feed a Muslim who is not a traveller and who is able to fast. There is no harm in feeding a traveller or someone who is unable to fast due to illness or old age.

 

Weekly Salat: Ya Ra’uf (The Most Kind)

Allah called his Beloved  by one of His names, al-Ra’uf – the Most Kind. Allah said to him that he is: “to the believers most kind and merciful” (9.128). In this prayer, Sayyidi Habib Umar teaches us to ask for Allah’s kindness for ourselves and all believers through the means of the most kind Prophet .

                                                                                                   

  اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا رَؤُوفُ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ الرَّؤُوف و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً و وَفِّرْ حَظَّنا مِنْ رَأْفَتِكَ و كُنْ  بِنا و بِالمُؤْمِنينَ رَؤُوفاً رَحِيماً

 

O Allah, O Most Kind, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the most kind Prophet and upon his Family and Companions, and bless us with a huge portion of Your kindness and be kind and merciful to us and all believers.

Weekly Salat: Ya `Afu (The All-Pardoning)

 

The Messenger of Allah  taught us to call upon Allah by His name, al-`Afu – the All-Pardoning – on Laylat al-Qadr, so it is appropriate that the first of the Ramadan salawat is this one. Sayyidi Habib Umar teaches us to be among those who pardon others and thus receive Allah’s pardon.

Allah says:

“He who pardons and seeks reconciliation, his reward is with Allah (42:40).”

                                                                                                                           

اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا عَفُوُّ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ العَفُوِّ و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً و اعْفُ بِهِ عَنَّا و اجْعَلْنا مِمَّنْ عَفا و أَصْلَحَ فَجَعَلْتَ أَجْرَهُ عَلَيْكَ و سَعْيَهُ عِنْدَكَ مَشْكُوراً

O Allah, the All-Pardoning, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the all-pardoning Prophet and upon his Family and Companions, and by him pardon us. Make us among those who pardon others and seek  reconciliation – those whose reward is due from You and those whose efforts are recognised by You.

Hababah Zahra: Beginnings and Endings

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Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him) talks about his mother, Hababah Zahra’s early years, her funeral and her grave. He also describes his father, Habib Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz, may Allah have mercy upon them both.

He said of her:

“She completely absorbed the methodology of Hadramawt and was a model of someone who followed this spiritual path. She possessed the attributes of human perfection and showed people how to fulfil their role in life.”

Hababah Zahra’s Early Years

She had a pious upbringing in the town of Dammun on the outskirts of Tarim. As a child she learnt the Qur’an and the foundations of the religion. She went on to teach a large number of women in her home town, some of whom are still alive today. She would recite the Qur’an and adhkar and perform acts of worship in abundance.

At the same time she would serve her family. Her mother would send her on errands which were appropriate for a girl of that age such as conveying messages to people. She learnt how to run the affairs of the house in the best way in a spirit of being content with whatever was available.

She venerated Muslims in general and the pious, the elderly and people of knowledge specifically. She would respect her relatives and anyone that was older than her. Even if people wronged her, she would treat them well.

She had immense modesty and bashfulness. When she approached the age of marriage she would only permit her parents and those closest to her to see her face and hair. If her female neighbours had wished to see even one hair on her head they would not have been able to do so. This was the tradition of that society.

All these praiseworthy attributes were combined in her. You can see in this the influence of the Sacred Law, the School of Hadramawt and the Ba Alawi Tariqah on the society of that time. The majority of people possessed these praiseworthy attributes.

A number of people wished to marry her but Allah willed that she marry my father, Habib Muhammad bin Salim. She got married in the year 1357 (1938) at the age of eighteen and she moved from Dammun to the house which Habib Muhammad built in Tarim. To begin with the house consisted of one room, a storeroom, a kitchen and a toilet. If you visit the house now the present reception area or hall was the room in which she lived. They hardly had any of the utensils or furnishings which people normally have at the time of marriage. Habib Muhammad only possessed three plates, one saucepan and one spoon, the edge of which was broken.

Habib Muhammad was constantly engaged in teaching and attending gatherings and she would take care of the house and serve guests. She honoured his parents and relatives. Habib Muhammad’s father, Habib Salim, would come from Mishtah to stay with them. Habib Salim was impressed by how beautifully she washed his clothes.

Along with taking care of the affairs of the house, she would attend gatherings of knowledge. Habib Muhammad began authoring his book al-Tadhkirah aI-Hadramiyyah, which covers all religious knowledge that it is compulsory for women to know. Whenever he completed a section of the book he would give it to Hababah Zahra and she would read it to one of the main female scholars of the time, the daughter of Habib Abu Bakr al-Siri, in one of the women’s gatherings.

Her first child was Habib Ali al-Mashhur. He was born in 1358 (1939), around a year after the marriage. Throughout the time that she was pregnant with Habib Mashhur and her other children she would never miss a gathering or fall short in fulfilling her duties in the house, even the night on which she gave birth. She had already learnt the principles of raising children from her parents and the society in which she had been raised and now she learnt from her husband how to practically implement these principles.

Her housework would not prevent her from reading her adhkar. On the day of Ashura for example, when it is recommended to recite Surat al-Ikhlas 1,000 times, she would give her subhah (prayer beads) to her oldest daughter and tell her to count while she recited and at the same time drew water from the well, washed clothes and made bread.

This is how she lived for the rest of her life, venerating Allah and His Messenger ﷺ, the path of her pious predecessors and the religion above everything else. We have recently been reading the counsel that she wrote for us. In it she counselled us to hold fast to the path of our predecessors, to show mercy to people and to call people to Allah.

She learnt abstinence from her husband in theory and practice. In the early years of her marriage their lunch would often consistent of some dates and perhaps some onions. When my brother, Habib `Attas, was getting married they needed a door for the bathroom that was being built. Habib Muhammad told them to use an old door that was lying in the back yard. People were surprised since it was old and in bad condition. He said: “Is the purpose of the door not to conceal the person inside?” If his clothing was slightly torn he would ignore it saying: “It is behind me and I cannot see it.” He would often repair his own clothing despite his many engagements.

He would oversee marriage contracts in Tarim but would never take a fee for doing this. It is the tradition in Tarim to burn oud at the time of the contract but if the family could not afford oud for the occasion he would provide it himself. At times they would be waiting for one of their relatives to attend and he would use the time to remind the people present of Allah while at the same time making some jokes. If someone who no-one paid any attention to was present he would give that person extra attention. People from outside Tarim would also come to him and we would teach them and resolve their disputes.

The breadwinners of many of the families in Tarim were abroad in East Africa or South East Asia and they would send back money for their families. Instead of sending the money to their families they would send the money to Habib Muhammad and he would organise the distribution of the money. People would often give their valuables or money to him for safekeeping. In this he resembled the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, to whom the people of Makkah would give their valuables for safekeeping, even though many disbelieved in his message. He was also concerned with the needs of the poor and he would tell people who to give their money to.

Habib Muhammad al-Haddar said that when he kept the company of Habib Muhammad bin Salim in Tarim they would attend sixteen gatherings a day and we would not miss out on anything that was taking place in the city. Habib Muhammad bin Salim was never known to have left the night prayer from his youth to the time he was abducted. Hababah Zahra learnt from his example in all these affairs.

May Allah have mercy upon them just as they raised us when we were young and allow us to emulate them and join them. There is so much to learn from their lives. May Allah preserve their legacy.

Her Grave

Hababah Zahra passed away in the last minutes of Monday 21st Sha`ban 1436. There was an immense feeling of tranquillity at her janazah and in the ensuing days. This is an indication of her rank and is a sign of Allah’s pleasure and acceptance. Her janazah felt like the janazah of one of the great imams of the past.

One of her relatives saw her in a dream after her death. He saw her with a woman who he did not recognise. I said to him: “The only person who would be with Zahra would be Fatimah al-Zahra.” A woman who did not know her also saw her in a dream and she said to her: “I am Zahra bint Hafiz. I have gone to my mother Fatimah al-Zahra.”

A long time before she died, she designated the place in she wished to be buried in the Zanbal graveyard. From time to time she would ask if anyone had been buried in that place, hoping that the place had not been taken. We thought it was not a suitable place for her to be buried because some children had been buried in the same area and it did not seem like there was enough space for an adult to be buried. After she died, Habib Mashhur went to check the place and the gravedigger said it was a good place for her to be buried. When he began digging he unearthed an old gravestone with the name ‘Fatimah bint Shaykh Ibrahim bin Shaykh `Abd al-Rahman al-Saqqaf’ on it, who had about 600 years previously. Hababah Zahra was duly buried in that same grave, above that noble woman, the granddaughter of the great Shaykh `Abd al-Rahman al-Saqqaf.

May Allah allow the descendants to be united with their ancestors and allow those who love the pious to be united with them.

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Increasing our Love and Yearning for the Prophet ﷺ through Fasting

Answered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

How can we increase in our love and yearning for the Prophet through fasting?

We do this by:

  1. Being aware that we are following him in our fasting
  2. Applying the sunnahs pertaining to fasting which he taught us
  3. Being aware that this act of worship and the great reward that it entails came to us by means of him. Because of him, Allah concealed for us in this act of worship a reward which only He knows. Allah says in the hadith Qudsi that every action has a fixed reward – “except for fasting – it is for Me and I reward accordingly”
  4. Reading the supplications which he taught us and bestowing prayers and peace upon him throughout our fast.

Lessons from the life of Hababah Zahra

Extracts from a talk delivered by Sayyidi Habib Ali al-Jifri (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him) in remembrance of Hababah Zahra bint Hafiz al-Haddar (may Allah have mercy upon her). The talk was delivered in Abu Dhabi on 23rd Sha`ban 1436/ 9th June 2015.

Every soul will taste death, and surely you will only be paid your reward in full on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever is taken away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. What is the life of this world except the enjoyment of delusion?[1]

The Ummah of Muhammad has recently lost a light which illuminated the path for those who love Allah and seek Him. Allah has made those that have direct knowledge of Him a means of protection for the people of their time. By them Allah brings people’s hearts to life and by them people return to Him and repent. One of the people that Allah chose for this immense role was the knower of Allah, Hababah Zahra bint Hafiz al-Haddar.

She married the Imam, the knower of Allah, the Mujahid, Habib Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz at a time when he had little wealth. She married him because he was a man of knowledge, a caller to Allah and someone who remembered Allah constantly. They used to live in a single room. Her husband’s time was filled with teaching students: he had up to sixteen lessons in the course of the day and night. When students came to his house for a lesson at midday, she would happily go and sit on the roof in the heat and wait there sweating until they left. This is one manifestation of her standing by her husband in the service of this religion and being content with a few material things. We are in need today of understanding these concepts.

Allah made her content with her circumstances. She was aware of the greatness and importance of delivering the message of Allah to people and transmitting to them the legacy of His beloved, the Chosen One ﷺ. She received knowledge from her husband and was known for her scrupulousness and uprightness. The nights bear witness to her standing in prayer at length and the days bear witness to her numerous fasts. Her gatherings were filled with the remembrance of Allah, worship and knowledge. There was no mention in them of worldly affairs and no tale-bearing or backbiting. If something bad was said about someone in her presence she would cut off the person speaking and remind everyone of Allah. This was the state of her heart.

Habib Muhammad spoke out fearlessly against the things that he witnessed taking place in Hadramawt at the time. The socialist regime which had seized power promoted atheism, oppressed the people and unlawfully confiscated their wealth. In one of the final public gatherings that Habib Muhammad attended he had no hesitation in mentioning these injustices, in spite of the fact that members of the regime’s militia were surrounding the gathering menacingly holding their weapons. Habib Muhammad was advised to refrain from speaking out for his own safety, but he would reply:

“What will I say to Allah in the Hereafter when He questions me?”

When he was performing Hajj for the last time his friend, Sayyid Abdullah bin Hasan al-Jifri, advised him to remain in the Hijaz until the situation improved in Hadramawt.

Habib Muhammad responded by saying: “Do you want me to leave the service of this religion? In whose hands will Tarim be if I do not return? The Companions of the Prophet ﷺ used to go from one land to another seeking martyrdom!”

He then returned to the blessed Valley of Hadramawt.

When Habib Muhammad was eventually abducted, Hababah Zahra bore a tribulation that even mountains would not have been able to bear. People would not dare to visit her in their home at the time out of fear of the militia, so she spent the days and nights alone. Her children were still young (Habib Umar was only eight or nine at the time), but she managed to raise them singlehandedly.

The years passed by and no one knew whether her husband was dead or alive. She would hear rumours that he was in a certain place and her son Habib Mashhur would go secretly at night to look for him. Just imagine these things! This is not just a story—these are real events that took place! Just imagine that your husband has been abducted and no one knows whether he is alive or dead. No one knows what state you are in. No one is there to provide your food and drink. No one dares visit you. She was secluded in her own home for many years, but she remained patient and content with her Lord’s decree. She did not decrease her worship in any way. Her patience and perseverance bore many fruits which we are now reaping. Habib Umar left Tarim and her heart remained attached to him until they finally met in the Hijaz years later.

I once had the honour of taking her to Sanaa for medical treatment. We were in the car and I unintentionally switched on a recording of one of Habib Muhammad’s talks. I turned it off out of fear that it would upset her. She said: “My son, why did you switch it off? Let us listen to it!”

She listened intently to her late husband’s words and was thoroughly engaged throughout the recording, uttering now and again: “May Allah have mercy on you!”

At times she would say: “Yes, yes, true, true..”

She was completely content with Allah’s decree. She was one of those people whose hearts are illuminated and are thus always ready to listen to advice. She was open to all goodness wherever she was, regardless of her grief or sadness. What is our state when we listen to reminders today? Do we receive advice with joy or with arrogance?

Her children were a source of joy and pride for her. Habib Mashhur became head of the Fatwa council in Tarim and Habib Umar returned to the city and established Dar al-Mustafa.

She always had immense concern for the affairs of her children and their extended family throughout her life. Despite his numerous engagements, Habib Umar would not allow a day to pass without visiting her to seek her prayer and her pleasure. Her other children would also consult her in all their affairs. In this there is a lesson for us with regards to showing proper etiquette towards our mothers.

Despite suffering from serious illness in her final years, she was still constant in her remembrance of Allah and patient in her ordeals. When I would ring her to ask her how she was, she would say: “Alhamdulillah!” and you could feel her contentment with Allah’s decree, despite the fact that she was in pain. She displayed brokenness and etiquette with Allah and a genuine humbleness free from pretence.

When I would ask her to pray for me, she would reply: “My son, what value is my prayer compared to yours? I am more in need of your prayer.”

She would express her own worthlessness. It is easy for us to utter such words and it is easy for us to pretend to be humble. When she made such a statement, however, she meant it and believed it to be true.

Hababah Zahra would give generously even though she did not possess a lot. She would  give charity in secret to the poor people of Tarim. Each one of us must ask ourselves how much charity we give in secret, even if we do not possess a lot. The one who does not give when he has a little will not give when he has a lot. She would always make her visitors happy. They would feel her mercy and love. How do we receive guests? Do we receive them with joy, realising that to do so is an act of worship? She would honour her husband’s companions—the likes of Habib Muhammad al-Haddar and Habib Jaylani al-Mashhur—by sending them gifts.

She would listen to and engage with the lessons of Habib Mashhur and Habib Umar, because she longed to have complete knowledge of Allah. What is our portion of this sacred knowledge? What is the extent of our longing and desire to seek knowledge? In those days it was difficult to listen to lessons and it had to be done in secret. Students would conceal their books under their clothes and leave their houses in the last part of the night to come and study with Habib Mashhur.

The women of our time complain at the slightest difficulty and they easily get bored with lessons. This mother, this knower of Allah, however, helped people to seek knowledge in times of real hardship. Today there is no difficulty in preparing food or coffee when visitors come to the house. In her time these acts were potentially dangerous, since accommodating students was a matter of life and death. At times members of the militia would come to her house. They would call out to Habib Mashhur saying: “We know that you still teaching. You had better stop or else you will join your father.”

Habib Mashhur would continue his lessons and say to them: “Go ahead and kill me, I’m longing to meet my father.”

Hababah Zahra heard these threats but never discouraged her children from seeking and spreading knowledge. Instead she encouraged them to carry on serving the religion. Hababah Zahra also raised her daughters to be knowledgeable and pious women who themselves went on to raise scholars. Her daughter Hababah Khadijah’s son, Sayyid Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Sumayt, is a scholar and caller to Allah. He studied in Tarim and graduated from al-Azhar and now teaches in Dar al-Mustafa. Her granddaughters, the daughters of Habib Mashhur and Habib Umar, are also callers to Allah. Wherever they go, their knowledge travels with them. All of this is due to the blessings of Hababah Zahra.

Her heart was full of mercy but at the same time people were in awe of her. If someone behaved in an inappropriate way in her presence or did something that was displeasing to Allah, she would put a stop to it and everyone would listen to what she said. This is something we lack in our homes today. Our elderly womenfolk are beacons of light in our homes. When they have gone, no-one in the house remembers Allah between Maghrib and Isha or after Fajr until the sun rises. When they are present, many young people do not appreciate their presence in the home. Their presence is a protection, a blessing, a means of sustenance and a source of light for future generations if only we respect them and grant them their rights.

We ask Allah to have mercy on this noble Sayyidah, Hababah Zahra. May He raise her station and pour light and peace into her grave. May He bless her return to Him and unite her with her grandfather His Beloved ﷺ , her mother Fatimah al-Zahra and Khadijah al-Kubra, her predecessors and her husband Habib Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz. May He allow us to receive a portion of her light and steadfastness and allow us to receive the gifts and secrets that she received. May her progeny be a continual source of joy for her. May He enable our womenfolk to follow in her footsteps.

May our last words in this life be la ilaha ill’Allah Muhammad rasulullah.

HbAliAlJufriHbUmarbinHaifdh

 

***

[1] Al `Imran, 3:185

Insights into Purification: Not Wasting Water

Extracts from lessons given by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him) on the rulings and etiquettes of purification. Habib Umar is teaching Habib Abdullah bin Husayn Balfaqih’s “Kifayat al-Raghib” in Shafi`i fiqh.

Water is a blessing from Allah. If you were to be deprived of it, you would die of thirst.

Allah says:

“Allah does not love the wasteful” (6:141)

and

“The wasteful are the Devil’s brothers.”(17.27)

The Prophet  ﷺ once passed by Sayyiduna Sa`d and rebuked him for wasting water while performing wudu.

He replied:

“O Messenger of Allah, is there wastage in wudu?”

“Yes,” said the Prophet, “even if you are performing wudu in a flowing river.”

It is disliked to waste water while performing wudu even if you are doing so on the seashore or a riverbank. The river or the sea will not be affected even if you use a lot of water, but you will be affected. If you are excessive in your use of permissible things you will fall into disliked and dubious things and this will lead to forbidden things.

The Prophet  ﷺ said:

“The one who falls into dubious things falls into forbidden things, like the shepherd who allows his flock to graze around a prohibited area. His flock is likely to stray into it.”

The Prophet  ﷺ once performed wudu and  washed each body part three times. He said: “This is my wudu and the wudu of the Prophets who came before me. Whoever does more or less has done something wrong.” It is recommended to wash each body part three times. To wash a fourth time is disliked. It is also disliked to wash less than three times.

The Prophetsaid: “There will be people that go to an excess in their purification and in their supplication.”

The Prophet used around 500 ml for his wudu and around 2 litres for his ghusl.

Just as we should not waste water in purification, we should not be wasteful in other things. We should only take what we need of the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon us.

Imam Ahmad bin Hasan al-`Attas said:

“We do not ask for a large amount of provision or a small amount. Rather we ask for what we need—no more and no less.”

He built a large house to accommodate his many guests. Other people copied him and built large houses. He built his house since there was a need to do so but they built their houses when there was no need.

Sayyiduna al-Hasan al-Basri said that he would enter the Prophet’s apartments and touch the ceiling with his hand. The people of al-Madinah wept when these apartments were removed so that the mosque could be enlarged.

Sayyiduna al-Hasan said:

“I wish that they had left them as they were so that people could see how the Prophet lived.”

When it comes to spending money for Allah’s sake there is no wastage. It has been said:

“Just as there is no good in wastage, there is no wastage in spending on good things.”

 لا سرف في الخير كما لا خير في السرف