Weekly Salawat: Ya Rashid (the Guide to what is right)

We continue our journey through Sayyidi Habib Umar’s collection of prayers using Allah’s beautiful names. In this collection, Habib Umar calls upon Allah by His beautiful names and then asks Him to bestow prayers upon His Beloved by those names. Finally, he asks Allah for a portion of those attributes which belong to Allah and which He has bestowed upon His Messenger ﷺ.

اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا رَشِيدُ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ الرَّشِيدِ و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً، و أَلْهِمْني بِهِ رُشْدِي وارْزُقْني نَشْرَ الرُّشْدِ في الخَلْقِ خُصوصاً و عُموماً و هَيِّئْ لي بِهِ مِنْ أَمْري رَشَداً

 

O Allah, the Guide to what is right, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the Prophet, the rightly guided one and upon his Family and Companions. By him inspire me to do what is right and allow me to spread guidance to all people – both the elite and ordinary people – and by him arrange my affairs in the right way.

 

Ya Rashid (the Guide to what is right)

We continue our journey through Sayyidi Habib Umar’s collection of prayers using Allah’s beautiful names. In this collection, Habib Umar calls upon Allah by His beautiful names and then asks Him to bestow prayers upon His Beloved by those names. Finally, he asks Allah for a portion of those attributes which belong to Allah and which He has bestowed upon His Messenger ﷺ.

اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا رَشِيدُ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ الرَّشِيدِ و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً، و أَلْهِمْني بِهِ رُشْدِي وارْزُقْني نَشْرَ الرُّشْدِ في الخَلْقِ خُصوصاً و عُموماً و هَيِّئْ لي بِهِ مِنْ أَمْري رَشَداً

 

O Allah, the Guide to what is right, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the Prophet, the rightly guided one and upon his Family and Companions. By him inspire me to do what is right and allow me to spread guidance to all people – both the elite and ordinary people – and by him arrange my affairs in the right way.

 

Insights into Purification: Removing Impurities (Part Two)

Extracts from lessons given by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him) on the rulings and etiquettes of purification. Habib Umar is teaching Habib Abdullah bin Husayn Balfaqih’s “Kifayat al-Raghib” in Shafi`i fiqh.

 

It is possible to purify something which has been contaminated with filth but it is impossible to purify something which is itself filth. It is impossible to purify excrement, even if you washed it twenty times. The filth would in fact increase.

Likewise through an intention, an act which is merely permissible can become something which is recommended or it can become something which is forbidden. Eating is praiseworthy if it is done with the intention to gain strength to worship Allah. However, an intention has no effect on an act which is forbidden. Stealing someone’s money with the intention of giving it to the poor does not make stealing permissible.

People often get their priorities wrong. They are not concerned about whether their food and drink is lawful but when it comes to impurities they are over cautious. They might wash something twenty times out of fear of it being contaminated by filth. The Companions and the pious people of the Ummah, on the other hand, were extremely concerned about the lawfulness of their income and not overly concerned about impurities. Habib `Alawi bin Shihab said: “If only people were scrupulous about their food and drink and not about purification. Any deficiencies in purification are much more likely to be overlooked.”

Imam al-Ghazali said that when it comes to purification people think things which are highly unlikely (ie that something is impure) are a real possibility. But when it comes to money and food they think things which are a real possibility (ie that it is from an unlawful source) are highly unlikely. This is because they are not well grounded in taqwa and scrupulousness.

 

Commemorating the Emigration of Imam al-Muhajir

ahmad-ibn-isa-tomb

In the month of Muharram, we commemorate the emigration of Imam al-Muhajir il-Allah, Ahmad bin `Isa, to the Hadramawt Valley.

It was on 14th Muharram that he arrived in the region and he was the first of the Prophetic Household to settle there. His progeny, later to become known as the Ba `Alawi, went on to spread Islam to the far corners of the earth. It has been said that the migration of the Prophet ﷺ was from Makkah to al-Madinah, and the migration of his offspring was from Iraq to Hadramawt.

The scholars of Hadramawt, at their forefront Habib Abu Bakr al-Adani al-Mashhur, commemorate this event with a series of lectures and gatherings, culminating in an annual visit.

To learn more about this great Imam, please go to: https://muwasala.org/imam-al-muhajir/

May Allah reward Imam al-Muhajir and allow us to continue to reap the fruits of his efforts.

VIDEO: True Honour and the Events of Ashura

Extracts from a khutbah delivered by Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz in Masjid al-Rawdah, Tarim, 7thMuharram 1436 / 31st October 2014

The events which took place on Ashura remind us that all honour belongs to those beloved to Allah, even if the opposite appears to be the case.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ  is the most honourable of people in the sight of Allah, although he was the one who tied a stone to his belly out of hunger, he was the one who had camel’s entrails thrown upon him when he was praying and he was the one whose forehead was split and whose tooth was broken. All honour belonged to him while he was in the cave as the disbelievers searched for him.

All physical, material, and military strength was in the hands of Fir`awn, but all honour belonged to Sayyiduna Musa.

His people said to him: “We are trapped!”

Musa said: “No! My Lord is with me and He will guide me!”

Whoever wishes to abase those whom Allah has honoured will be abased, but whoever wishes to honour those whom Allah has honoured will himself be honoured.

When Sayyiduna al-Husayn was martyred, it was not he that was abased, but rather those that killed him. He attained the greatest honour from his Lord. His son, `Ali Zayn al-`Abidin, lived on to be the father of thousands of great imams. There is no honour in commemorating his martyrdom in a way that contravenes his way, the way of his father and the way of his grandfather ﷺ.

Whoever is killed for the sake of Allah will gain honour. Whoever is killed for the sake of something contemptible such as power, wealth and status, will be abased.

Through obedience to Allah, the slave honours himself. Through disobedience to Allah, the slave dishonours himself.

 

 

Weekly Salawat: Ya Warith (the Inheritor)

Allah says: “then We gave the Book as inheritance to those whom We chose of Our servants.” (35:32) In this prayer, Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him), teaches us to seek our portion of that inheritance.

اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا وارِثُ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ أَعْظَمِ وارِثٍ لِكِتابِكَ المُهَيْمِنِ الكَرِيمِ المَجِيدِ العَظِيمِ و مُوَرِّثٍ لِأَسْرَارِهِ و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً، واجْعَلْ سَهْمِي مِنْ إِرْثِهِ سَهْماً جَسِيماً فَخِيماً و حَظِّي مِنْهُ حَظَّاً وافِراً عَظِيماً

O Allah, the Inheritor, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the Prophet, the greatest inheritor of Your mighty and noble Book, the guardian of all other books, and the greatest transmitter of its secrets, and upon his Family and Companions. Bless me with a vast portion of his inheritance.

Ya Warith (the Inheritor)

Allah says: “then We gave the Book as inheritance to those whom We chose of Our servants.” (35:32) In this prayer, Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him), teaches us to seek our portion of that inheritance.

اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا وارِثُ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ أَعْظَمِ وارِثٍ لِكِتابِكَ المُهَيْمِنِ الكَرِيمِ المَجِيدِ العَظِيمِ و مُوَرِّثٍ لِأَسْرَارِهِ و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً، واجْعَلْ سَهْمِي مِنْ إِرْثِهِ سَهْماً جَسِيماً فَخِيماً و حَظِّي مِنْهُ حَظَّاً وافِراً عَظِيماً

O Allah, the Inheritor, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the Prophet, the greatest inheritor of Your mighty and noble Book, the guardian of all other books, and the greatest transmitter of its secrets, and upon his Family and Companions. Bless me with a vast portion of his inheritance.

VIDEO: Joy and Sadness for Sayyiduna al-Husayn

By Habib Ali al-Jifri (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him)

According to the Ahl al-Sunnah, the Day of Ashura is a day of joy because of the salvation of Sayyiduna Musa. There is no doubt that it is also a day of sadness since it was the day on which Sayyiduna al-Husayn was martyred along with his relatives and some of the Ansar. At the same time, it is a day of celebration because it was a victory for Sayyiduna al-Husayn. How was it a victory for him when he was killed? It was a victory because he remained true to his principles. It was a victory for truth over weapons and force. When we think of his killers, we think of the fate that is awaiting them. When we remember Sayyiduna al-Husayn, however, our hearts are filled with joy, love and veneration for him and his steadfastness. It is thus a day of victory for Sayyiduna al-Husayn. So if we are joyful for the victory of Sayyiduna al-Husayn and the salvation of Sayyiduna Musa then we are on the right path.

It is natural to feel sadness when we remember the immense injustice that took place. Before dying, Sayyiduna al-Husayn saw all his children killed in front of him, with the exception of Sayyiduna Ali Zayn al-Abidin. He also saw the children of Sayyiduna al-Hasan, the children of his sister Sayyidah Zaynab, and the children of his cousin, Muslim bin Aqil bin Abi Talib, killed in front of him.

There are two extremes, both of which must be rejected. At one extreme we have people who say that it is a terrible day on which no one is allowed to show any joy, and if anyone does so they hate the Ahl al-Bayt. Some people strike themselves and commit other actions which are forbidden in the Sacred Law.

In addition to this, some people think that love for Ahl al-Bayt means showing bad etiquette to Sayyiduna Abu Bakr and Sayyiduna Umar. This is not the way of the Ahl al-Bayt. Sayyiduna Ali had sons named Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman. Sayyiduna al-Hasan had sons named Abu Bakr and Umar. Sayyiduna al-Husayn had a son named Abu Bakr and two sons named Umar.

There is another extreme. Some people among the Ahl al-Sunnah go the extent to say that Sayyiduna al-Husayn was in the wrong. They praise Yazid, whom the majority of the scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah regard as a corrupt person.

We believe that people that go to either of these extremes are misguided, but at the same time we do not regard them as disbelievers.

It is fine to be sad on this day, and it is fine to be joyful. We must not allow our hearts to be filled with hatred for the perpetrators of this crime, for Allah will take them to account. Instead, our hearts should be filled with veneration for those who were martyred.

 

The Day of Ashura

 

The Day of Ashura, the tenth of Muharram, is an auspicious day. It has been narrated that it was the day on which Allah forgave our father Adam, the day on which the Ark of Nuh came to rest on the mountain known as al-Judi after six months at sea, and the day on which Allah forgave the people of Yunus (peace be upon him and all the Prophets).

When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to al-Madinah, he found the Jews fasting the Day of Ashura. He asked them why they were fasting and they told him that it was the day on which Allah saved Sayyiduna Musa and his people and drowned Fir`awn and his people. Musa fasted out of gratitude to Allah and his people continued the practice after him. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ told the Jews that his nation was closer to Musa than them. He then fasted that day and ordered his Companions to fast (Bukhari and Muslim). He taught his Ummah to commemorate this great day, to reflect upon its connection to the previous prophets and to seek a portion of the immense outpouring of Allah’s mercy that those prophets received on Ashura.

The most important thing he taught us to do is to fast. He informed us that if we do so, Allah wipes out the sins of the previous year (Muslim). Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah protect him and benefit us by him) said:

“Think of your wrongdoings in the previous year as files saved on a computer. By fasting the Day of Ashura, you press the delete button and wipe out all those files. Respond to this invitation. This is not the work of a software designer, this is the Prophet, the most knowledgeable of creation, who received his knowledge from the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.”

We may ask: if we have already fasted the Day of `Arafah then Allah has already erased our sins in the previous and coming year so what more can be gained from fasting Ashura? Some scholars mention that continuously fasting both days leads to a deeper erasure of one’s wrongdoings, protection from falling into sin in the future and also has the effect of wiping out the wrongdoings of one’s family and neighbours.

Why does fasting the Day of `Arafah wipe out the sins of two years whereas fasting the day of Ashura only wipes out the sins of one year? One reason, the scholars say, is that the Day of `Arafah is a day attributed to Sayyiduna Muhammad ﷺ which is clearly superior to Ashura which is attributed to Sayyiduna Musa (peace be upon him). The Messenger of Allah ﷺ also taught his Ummah to fast the day before or the day after so that our tradition be distinct from the tradition of the Jews.

We should also renew our repentance on Ashura. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said that it is a day on which Allah allowed a certain people to repent and He will continue to allow others to do the same (Tirmidhi).

The Prophet ﷺ also taught us that if someone spends generously on their family on the Day of `Ashura’, Allah will treat them with generosity for the rest of the year (Bayhaqi).  Sufyan bin `Uyaynah said, “We tried this for fifty years and all that we saw was good.”

Habib Umar said: “The purpose of this is that you show extra compassion to them. This is then a means of protecting your family from the forces of corruption that attempt to encroach from all sides. This does not just mean buying them food. You need to show them the compassion of Muhammad ﷺ through his teachings. Show them that the Prophet has taught you to laugh with them and to make sure they are well. He has taught you that it hurts you to see them suffer in any way in this life or the next. Let them experience the compassion of his teachings and show them that after 1,400 years his teachings are alive in your home.”

It has likewise been narrated that the one who gives charity on this day will have the reward of a whole year’s charity.

In Tarim, people gather in Masjid Ba`Alawi on the eve of Ashura to read and reflect upon the merits of the following day and to pray to Allah. The day itself is a day of joy. Although the adults are mostly fasting, it is a day of Eid for children. They wear their best clothes, amusements are provided for them and gifts are given to them.

Photo by Scott Ruzzene on Unsplash

Weekly Salawat: Ya Badi` (the Wondrous)

In this prayer, Sayyidi Habib Umar bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him and benefit us by him), calls upon Allah, the Wondrous to bestow prayers upon His Beloved, the most wondrous of His creation in every sense.

اللَّهُمَّ يا اللهُ يا بَدِيعُ صَلِّ على عَبْدِكَ و حَبِيبِكَ سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ أَبْدَعِ خَلْقِكَ رُوحاً و جِسْماً حِسَّاً و مَعْنىً ظاهِراً و باطِناً أَوَّلاً و آخِراً و على آلِهِ و صَحْبِهِ و سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً، و هَبْ لي بِهِ بَدائِعَ المعَارِفِ و العُلُومِ و الشُّهُودَ الأَسْنى و مَكِّني بِهِ تَمْكِيناً

Allahumma ya Allahu ya Badi`u salli `ala `abdika wa habibika sayyidina Muhammad an-Nabi abda`i khalqika ruhan wa jisman wa hissan wa ma`nan zahiran wa batinan awwalan wa akhiran wa `ala alihi wa sahbihi wa sallim taslīman wa hab li bihi bada’i`a’l-ma`arifi wa’l-`ulumi wa’shuhuda’-asna ma makkinni bihi tamikina

 

O Allah, the Wondrous, bestow abundant prayers and peace upon Your slave and beloved, our Master Muhammad, the Prophet, the most wondrous of all Your creatures from the first of them to the last – spiritually and physically, outwardly and inwardly – and upon his Family and Companions. By him bestow upon me wondrous knowledge of You and Your creation and the most splendid type of divine witnessing. By him make me completely firm in all of this.